Misoprostol

Misoprostol is a synthetic prostaglandin that causes the cervix to soften and dilate, and the uterus to contract and expel the embryo or fetus.

Misoprostol is used vaginally in abortions up to 56 days since the first day of the last menstrual period. When used alone, Misoprostol causes complete abortion in 22-94% of cases. Early side effects are worse with this method than with other methods of medical abortion, and include pain, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, chills and rashes. Heavy and prolonged bleeding and infection are associated with medical abortion in general.  Misoprostol is generally used with another drug because of the higher incidence of side effects and lower rate of effectiveness when it is used alone. Misoprostol is commonly used in surgical abortions as well, to soften and dilate the cervix, and to reduce bleeding.

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All information provided regarding medical and surgical abortions in Canada has provided by:
Abortionincanada.ca, (2014). Methods | Abortion in Canada. [online] Available at:  http://abortionincanada.ca/methods/

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